While pitching in baseball, the arms of the players produce lots of torque which is unnatural for the hands. The whole arm requires lots of rotation.
Every kind of pitching has different breaking motion and velocity.
All the stress and pressure lead to arm injuries; thus, it is important to take care of your arms after pitching in Baseball.
The common Injuries in Pitching Baseball
Playing baseball could lead to different kinds of injuries but let’s focus here on the common injuries that occur due to the pitching in baseball.
The most common pitching related injuries in baseball are as follow:
Elbow Related Injuries
Pitching creates greater pressure on the elbow joint. When you stride, the elbow jerks back about 90 degrees. The repeated movement put enhanced pressure on elbow thus it hurts and causes injuries.
- Ulnar collateral ligament injury – also called Little League Elbow, it feels like elbow has been dislocated.
- Forearm tendinitis – it affects pronator tendons and flexor and causes soreness and annoying popping sensation.
- Valgus extension overload – also known as Pitcher’s Elbow caused by strenuous pitching mechanism.
- Ulnar neuritis – it occurs when an ulnar nerve gets affected and the pain feels like the shock.
- Olecranon stress fracture – Olecranon is the bony area of the elbow and it occurs when the muscle surrounding it couldn’t absorb the shock when arm moves.
Shoulder Related Injuries
For every pitch, the great impact is produced on the shoulder as well. It has to snap forward which leads the muscle to extend and then contract. The movement leads to muscle tearing and injuries when repeated again and again.
- SLAP tears – it is the most feared injury in the game as it affects the biceps and rips the muscle; it stands for superior labrum anterior to posterior tear.
- Rotator cuff tendinitis and tears – it restricts the shoulder’s motion and affects the cuff’s tendons.
- Biceps tendinitis and tears – repeated stress on the biceps tendon cause biceps to irritate and hurt.
- Glenohumeral internal rotation deficit – a condition in which back shoulder muscles become less flexible.
- Internal impingement – the gap between the shoulder blade and rotator cuff leads to painful rub; when untreated leads to tearing.
Why Do The Arms Hurt?
Pitching is very demanding physically. Most pitchers throw the ball at the speed between 70 and 100 mph.
This produces great stress on the pitcher’s arm; it is estimated that over 280-pound-force is exerted on the pitcher’s arm while playing.
The maximal angular velocity that an elbow could reach is 2,200–2,700°/s. All the distress on the arm leads to soreness, injury, and overall pain.
7 Ways to take care Your Arm after Pitching?
For the player, taking care of your arm after pitching is essential for giving the best performance.
There is not just one but various methods to use throughout the year to pitch without getting injured. The major problem is that players and the coaches don’t have the knowledge of safe pitching practices.
To prevent throwing injuries in the youth, different research institutes and organizations have recommended the following ways:
Using Proper Mechanics
The player should use the proper mechanics and techniques to throw the ball to lower the risk of injuries. A proper pitching mechanics should be learned by the pitcher as early as possible: basic throwing, fastball pitching, and change-up pitching.
There are different year-round physical conditioning programs and any young pitcher should participate in them. When the player only plays in the season, there’s no chance to zero the injury probability. The arms need to remain in practice to perform the best during the game.
No Extreme Pitching
If the players once come back from the mound in the game, he should not pitch again. Also, when the game is over, the pitcher should not go for practice.
Also, if there are numerous leagues in one season, the pitcher should take the rest in between.
Rest of Three Months Every Year
Any pitcher should not play for more than 9 months in any given year. It is to give rest to the arms from stressful pitching. Only light practicing should be done during the resting period.
The Specified Rest Period
Depending on the age of the players and the quantity he throws every season, the following table should be followed:
No Pitcher/ Catcher Combination
A pitcher and catcher of the team should be different. When a pitcher is also a catcher, the number of throws increases many folds. This increases the chance of injury in the player.
Other practices to use are
- Radar guns shouldn’t be used
- Sports medicine physician should check the player immediately when there’s a complaint of pain
- Youth should take the game as a fun activity and not a stressful practice
How to Get Back to Normal Routine after Injury?
If an injury occurs, mainly trainers and coaches use ‘jobe’ exercises. These exercises are specially designed to strengthen, isolate, and stabilize the rotator cuff muscles.
In these exercises, lightweight dumbbells and resistance bands are used.
The jobe exercises that are mainly used by the trainers are shoulder flexion, horizontal abduction, external rotation, scaption, and prone abduction.
Other than these, pitching trainers induces lifting routines that are specifically made for pitchers. Pitchers should only use a lighter weight for arms if doing strenuous exercising.
Pitching should be fun and not a problem for the pitcher. If the upper given information is utilized, the player could only focus on improving the game and having a good time while playing.
If you have extreme throwing, do icing immediately. The key to staying away from injury is simple; don’t get tired while playing and your muscles will let you enjoy the upcoming games as well.